What is addiction?
1 July, 2021
Addiction in the context of substance overuse is defined as the recurrent use of a substance that leads to impairment or distress.
Addictive substance use behaviour can be defined by the features below:
- The substance is used in larger amounts or for a longer period of time than intended
- A desire to cut down on use or unsuccessful efforts to do so
- Pursuit of the substance or recovery from its use consumes a significant amount of time
- There is a craving or strong desire to use the substance
- Use of the substance disrupts other role obligations at work, school or home
- Use of the substance continues despite the social or interpersonal problems caused
- Participation in social, work or recreational activities decreases or stops
- Use occurs in situations where it is physically risky
- Use continues even if the individual recognises it is causing physical or psychological problems
- Tolerance occurs – this can be indicated by the need for increased amounts of the substance to achieve the same effect
- Withdrawal occurs
If you feel that any of the above symptoms describe you, or someone you know, get in touch with us for some advice.